商标法英文版2014_中英文对照_Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China

2018-09-30 shenlantm 214

(1982年8月23日第五届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第二十四次会议通过 根据1993年2月22日第七届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第三十次会议《关于修改〈中华人民共和国商标法〉的决定》第一次修正 根据2001年10月27日第九届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第二十四次会议《关于修改〈中华人民共和国商标法〉的决定》第二次修正 根据2013年8月30日第十二届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第四次会议《关于修改〈中华人民共和国商标法〉的决定》第三次修正)

( Adopted at the 24th Session of the Standing Committee of the Fifth National People‘s Congress on August 23, 1982, as amended according to the“Decision on the Revision of the Trademark Law of the People’s Republic of China”adopted at the 30th Session of the Standing Committee of the Seventh National People’s Congress on February 22, 1993, and  the“Decision on the Revision of the Trademark Law of the People’s Republic of China”adopted at the 24th Session of  the Standing Committee of the Ninth National People’s’Congress on October 27 2001, and amended for the third time according to the“Decision on the Revision of the Trademark Law of the People’s Republic of China”adopted at the 4th Session of  the Standing Committee of the Twelfth National People’s’Congress on August 30, 2013 )

 

目 录
Table of Contents
第一章 总 则
Chapter 1 General Provisions
第二章 商标注册的申请
Chapter 2 Application for Trademark Registration
第三章 商标注册的审查和核准
Chapter 3 Examination and Approval of Trademark Application
第四章 注册商标的续展、变更、转让和使用许可
Chapter 4 Renewal, Assignment, and Licensing of Trademark Registrations
第五章 注册商标的无效宣告
Chapter 5 Adjudication of disputes Concerning Registered Trademarks
第六章 商标使用的管理
Chapter 6 Administration of the Use of Trademarks
第七章 注册商标专用权的保护
Chapter 7 Protection of the Exclusive Rights to Use Registered Trademarks
第八章 附 则
Chapter 8 Supplementary Provisions

 

第一章 总则
Chapter 1 General Provisions

第一条 为了加强商标管理,保护商标专用权,促使生产、经营者保证商品和服务质量,维护商标信誉,以保障消费者和生产、经营者的利益,促进社会主义市场经济的发展,特制定本法。

Article 1. This Law is enacted for the purposes of improving the administration of trademarks, protecting the exclusive right to use a trademark, and encouraging producers to guarantee the quality of their goods and maintain the reputation of their trademarks, with a view towards protecting consumers’ interests and promoting the development of a socialist market economy.

第二条 国务院工商行政管理部门商标局主管全国商标注册和管理的工作。

Article 2. The Trademark Office of the State Administration for Industry and Commerce under the State Council shall be responsible for the registration and administration of trademarks throughout the country.

国务院工商行政管理部门设立商标评审委员会,负责处理商标争议事宜。

Industrial and commercial administrative department of the State Council set up TRAB, responsible for handling trademark disputes.

第三条 经商标局核准注册的商标为注册商标,包括商品商标、服务商标和集体商标、证明商标;商标注册人享有商标专用权,受法律保护。

Article 3. A registered trademark means a trademark that has been approved and registered by the Trademark Office. A trademark registrant shall enjoy an exclusive right to use the trademark, which shall be protected by law.

本法所称集体商标,是指以团体、协会或者其他组织名义注册,供该组织成员在商事活动中使用,以表明使用者在该组织中的成员资格的标志。

For the purposes of this law, a collective mark is a mark registered in the name of a group, association, or any other organization and used by its members to indicate membership.

本法所称证明商标,是指由对某种商品或者服务具有监督能力的组织所控制,而由该组织以外的单位或者个人使用于其商品或者服务,用以证明该商品或者服务的原产地、原料、制造方法、质量或者其他特定品质的标志。

For the purposes of this law, a certification mark is a mark which is owned by an organization that exercises supervision over a particular product or service and which is used to indicate that third-party goods or services meet certain standards pertaining to place of origin, raw materials, mode of manufacture, quality, or other characteristics.

集体商标、证明商标注册和管理的特殊事项,由国务院工商行政管理部门规定。

Particulars pertaining to the registration and administration of collective marks and certification marks shall be formulated by the State Administration for Industry and Commerce under the State Council.

第四条 自然人、法人或者其他组织在生产经营活动中,对其商品或者服务需要取得商标专用权的,应当向商标局申请商标注册。

Article 4. Any natural person, legal person, or other organization desirous of acquiring the exclusive right to use a trademark for the goods produced, or services and activities offered by it or him shall file an application for the registration of the goods or service mark with the Trademark Office.

本法有关商品商标的规定,适用于服务商标。

The provisions in this law concerning goods trademarks shall apply to service marks.

第五条 两个以上的自然人、法人或者其他组织可以共同向商标局申请注册同一商标,共同享有和行使该商标专用权。

Article 5. Two or more natural persons, legal persons, or other organizations may jointly file an application for the registration of a trademark and jointly enjoy and exercise an exclusive right to use the mark.

第六条 法律、行政法规规定必须使用注册商标的商品,必须申请商标注册,未经核准注册的,不得在市场销售。

Article 6. For goods that must be used in connection with a registered trademark as prescribed by the laws and administrative regulations, a trademark registration must be applied for. Where no trademark registration has been granted, such goods cannot be sold on the market.

第七条 申请注册和使用商标,应当遵循诚实信用原则。

Article 7. Any application or usage of a trademark shall abide by principles of good faith.

商标使用人应当对其使用商标的商品质量负责。各级工商行政管理部门应当通过商标管理,制止欺骗消费者的行为。

Any user of a trademark shall be responsible for the quality of the goods in connection with which the trademark is used. The administrative authorities for industry and commerce at all levels shall exercise supervision over the quality of the goods and shall prohibit any practice that defrauds the consumer.

第八条 任何能够将自然人、法人或者其他组织的商品与他人的商品区别开的标志,包括文字、图形、字母、数字、三维标志、颜色组合和声音等,以及上述要素的组合,均可以作为商标申请注册。

Article 8. An application may be made to register as a trademark any mark, including any word, device, any letter of the alphabet, any number, three-dimensional symbol, colour combination and sound, or any combination thereof, that identifies and distinguishes the goods of a natural person, legal person, or other organization from those of others.

第九条 申请注册的商标,应当有显著特征,便于识别,并不得与他人在先取得的合法权利相冲突。

Article 9. A trademark seeking registration shall be so distinctive as to be distinguishable and shall not infringe upon the prior legitimate rights of others.

商标注册人有权标明“注册商标”或者注册标记。

A trademark registrant shall have the right to display the wording “Registered Trademark” or a sign indicating that it is registered.

第十条 下列标志不得作为商标使用:

Article 10. The following words or devices shall not be used as trademarks:

(一)同中华人民共和国的国家名称、国旗、国徽、国歌、军旗、军徽、军歌、勋章等相同或者近似的,以及同中央国家机关的名称、标志、所在地特定地点的名称或者标志性建筑物的名称、图形相同的;

1) Those identical with or similar to the State name, national flag, national emblem, national anthem, military flag, army emblem, military song, or decorations of the People’s Republic of China; those identical with a State Organ’s name, symbol, or the names  of the specific locations that are seats of central state organs; or those identical with the names or designs of landmark buildings;

(二)同外国的国家名称、国旗、国徽、军旗等相同或者近似的,但经该国政府同意的除外;

2) Those identical with or similar to the state names, national flags, national emblems or military flags of foreign countries, except with the permission of the government of the country involved;

(三)同政府间国际组织的名称、旗帜、徽记等相同或者近似的,但经该组织同意或者不易误导公众的除外;

3) Those identical with or similar to the flags, emblems, names or others of international inter-governmental organizations, except with the permission of the organization concerned or where no likelihood of public confusion exists;

(四)与表明实施控制、予以保证的官方标志、检验印记相同或者近似的,但经授权的除外;

4) Those identical with or similar to an official mark or inspection seal that indicates control and guarantee, except where authorized;

(五)同“红十字”、“红新月”的名称、标志相同或者近似的;

5) Those identical with or similar to the symbols or names of the Red Cross or the Red Crescent;

(六)带有民族歧视性的;

6) Those that discriminate against any nationality;

(七)带有欺骗性,容易使公众对商品的质量等特点或者产地产生误认的;

7) Those in the nature of fraud in advertising that easily confuses the public with the quality or other characteristics or origins of the goods, or the place of origin of the goods;

(八)有害于社会主义道德风尚或者有其他不良影响的。

8) Those detrimental to socialist morals or customs, or having other unhealthy influences.

县级以上行政区划的地名或者公众知晓的外国地名,不得作为商标。但是,地名具有其他含义或者作为集体商标、证明商标组成部分的除外;已经注册的使用地名的商标继续有效。

The geographical names of administrative divisions at or above the county level and foreign geographical names well-known to the public shall not be used as trademarks, except for geographical names that have other meaning or constitute part of a collective mark or certification mark. Registered trademarks that use geographical names shall continue to be valid.

第十一条 下列标志不得作为商标注册:

Article 11. The following marks are not permitted to be registered as a trademark:

(一)仅有本商品的通用名称、图形、型号的;

1) Names, devices, or designs that are generic to a class or group of goods;

(二)仅直接表示商品的质量、主要原料、功能、用途、重量、数量及其他特点的;

2) Marks that merely indicate the quality, principal raw materials, function, use, weight, quantity or other features of the goods in respect of which the marks are used;

(三)其他缺乏显著特征的。

3) Other marks that lack distinctive characteristics.

前款所列标志经过使用取得显著特征,并便于识别的,可以作为商标注册。

A mark to which the above provisions are applicable but which has acquired distinctiveness through use and is readily distinguishable may be registrable as a trademark.

第十二条 以三维标志申请注册商标的,仅由商品自身的性质产生的形状、为获得技术效果而需有的商品形状或者使商品具有实质性价值的形状,不得注册。

Article 12. Registration shall be refused where a three-dimensional design merely indicates the shape inherent in the nature of the goods concerned. Registration also shall be refused where a three-dimensional design is only dictated by the need to achieve technical effects or the need to give the goods substantive value.

第十三条 为相关公众所熟知的商标,持有人认为其权利受到侵害时,可以依照本法规定请求驰名商标保护。

Article 13. Should any rights of a trademark well known to the relevant public be infringed, the trademark holder can follow the relevant provisions in this law to request the protection of the said famous trademark.

就相同或者类似商品申请注册的商标是复制、摹仿或者翻译他人未在中国注册的驰名商标,容易导致混淆的,不予注册并禁止使用。

Where a mark is a reproduction, imitation, or translation of a third-party’s famous trademark which has not been registered in China and where the goods are identical or similar, which may cause public confusion and damage the interests of the registrant of the famous mark, no registration shall be granted and the use of the mark shall be prohibited.

就不相同或者不相类似商品申请注册的商标是复制、摹仿或者翻译他人已经在中国注册的驰名商标,误导公众,致使该驰名商标注册人的利益可能受到损害的,不予注册并禁止使用。

Where a mark is a reproduction, imitation, or translation of a third-party’s famous trademark which has been registered in China and where the goods are not identical or dissimilar, which may mislead the public and cause injury to the interests of the registrant of the famous trademark, no registration shall be granted and the use of the mark shall be prohibited.

第十四条 驰名商标应当根据当事人的请求,作为处理涉及商标案件需要认定的事实进行认定。认定驰名商标应当考虑下列因素:

Article 14. A famous trademark, based on the parties’ request, can be defined when the facts in each case dealing with the relevant trademark support such a conclusion. The following factors shall be considered in making such a determination:

(一)相关公众对该商标的知晓程度;

1) The degree of public recognition of the mark in its trading areas;

(二)该商标使用的持续时间;

2) how long the mark has been in use;

(三)该商标的任何宣传工作的持续时间、程度和地理范围;

3) the duration and extent of advertising and publicity of the mark, and the geographical extent of the trading areas in which the mark is used;

(四)该商标作为驰名商标受保护的记录;

4) the protection of the mark as a famous trademark;

(五)该商标驰名的其他因素。

5) Other reasons for the fame of the trademark.

在商标注册审查、工商行政管理部门查处商标违法案件过程中,当事人依照本法第十三条规定主张权利的,商标局根据审查、处理案件的需要,可以对商标驰名情况作出认定。

In examining a trademark registration and in the course of investigating cases involving illegal use of trademarks handled down by the authorities for industry and commerce may, upon a claim filed by the parties involved in accordance with Article 13 of this law, the Trademark Office may make a determination as to whether a trademark is a famous trademark.

在商标争议处理过程中,当事人依照本法第十三条规定主张权利的,商标评审委员会根据处理案件的需要,可以对商标驰名情况作出认定。

In the process of handling a trademark dispute, the parties may, in accordance with Article 13 of this law,make such claims in regard to whether a trademark is famous; The Trademark Review and Adjudication Board may, in accordance with the needs of a specific case, make a determination as to whether a trademark is famous.

在商标民事、行政案件审理过程中,当事人依照本法第十三条规定主张权利的,最高人民法院指定的人民法院根据审理案件的需要,可以对商标驰名情况作出认定。

In the course of hearing civil and administrative trademark cases, the parties involved may claim rights according to the provisions of Article 13 of this Law, and according to the specific circumstances and needs of each case, the Supreme Court-appointed People’s Courts may make a determination, based on the specific circumstances and needs of each case, as to whether a mark is famous.

生产、经营者不得将“驰名商标”字样用于商品、商品包装或者容器上,或者用于广告宣传、展览以及其他商业活动中。

A producer or operator shall not use the words “Famous Trademark” on its goods, packaging, or container, or in its advertising, exhibitions or other commercial activities.

第十五条 未经授权,代理人或者代表人以自己的名义将被代理人或者被代表人的商标进行注册,被代理人或者被代表人提出异议的,不予注册并禁止使用。

Article 15. Where an agent or representative, without the authorization of the principal, seeks to register in the agent’s name the principal’s trademark and where the principal objects, registration shall be refused and the use of the mark shall be prohibited.

就同一种商品或者类似商品申请注册的商标与他人在先使用的未注册商标相同或者近似,申请人与该他人具有前款规定以外的合同、业务往来关系或者其他关系而明知该他人商标存在,该他人提出异议的,不予注册。

Where a trademark used on an identical or similar product that is considered for registration and that is the same or similar to a prior user of an unregistered trademark, the registrant, where no prior contractual agreement or business relationship exists between the registrant and prior user, may not register its trademark where the prior user’s mark is clearly in use and an opposition to the trademark’s registration has been filed.

第十六条 商标中有商品的地理标志,而该商品并非来源于该标志所标示的地区,误导公众的,不予注册并禁止使用;但是,已经善意取得注册的继续有效。

Article 16. Where a trademark includes a geographical sign that does not describe the location or the origin of the goods in question, the term causes confusion among members of the public and shall be refused registration. Its use as a trademark also shall be prohibited. However, where a registration has been obtained in goodwill, such registration shall continue to be valid.

前款所称地理标志,是指标示某商品来源于某地区,该商品的特定质量、信誉或者其他特征,主要由该地区的自然因素或者人文因素所决定的标志。

The geographical sign referred to in the above paragraph means that it is the place of orign on the goods at issue and that the special qualities, reputation or other characteristics of the goods are primarily determined by the natural conditions or other humanistic conditions of the geographical location involved.

第十七条 外国人或者外国企业在中国申请商标注册的,应当按其所属国和中华人民共和国签订的协议或者共同参加的国际条约办理,或者按对等原则办理。

Article 17. Any foreigner or foreign enterprise desirous of applying for the registration of a trademark in China shall file an application in accordance with any agreement concluded between the People’s Republic of China and country to which the applicant belongs, or according to the international treaty to which both countries are parties, or on the basis of the principle of reciprocity.

第十八条 申请商标注册或者办理其他商标事宜,可以自行办理,也可以委托依法设立的商标代理机构办理。

Article 18. An applicant may independently handle trademark registration other trademark matters, and may also authorize a legally established trademark agency to handle trademark matters.

外国人或者外国企业在中国申请商标注册和办理其他商标事宜的,应当委托依法设立的商标代理机构办理。

Any foreigner of foreign enterprise desirous of applying for the registration of a trademark or processing any other trademark matters in China shall retain any of the organizations designated by the State to be his or its agent.

第十九条 商标代理机构应当遵循诚实信用原则,遵守法律、行政法规,按照被代理人的委托办理商标注册申请或者其他商标事宜;对在代理过程中知悉的被代理人的商业秘密,负有保密义务。

Article 19. A trademark agency shall abide by principles of good faith, abide by relevant laws and administrative regulations, and handle trademark registration and other trademark matters according to the instructions of its principals; a trademark agency shall also be obliged to keep secret any confidential information and trade or business secrets obtained through the performance of its duties.

委托人申请注册的商标可能存在本法规定不得注册情形的,商标代理机构应当明确告知委托人。

Where a principal applies for registration of any trademark that may not be registered in accordance with this Law, the trademark agency shall explicitly inform the principal.

商标代理机构知道或者应当知道委托人申请注册的商标属于本法第十五条和第三十二条规定情形的,不得接受其委托。

Where a trademark agency knows or should know that a trademark registration applied for by the principal violates the provisions of Article 15 and Article 32 of this law, the trademark agency shall not act as an agent for said principal in application for registration of that trademark.

商标代理机构除对其代理服务申请商标注册外,不得申请注册其他商标。

Except for applying the use of one’s own trademark, a trademark agency shall not register other trademarks.

第二十条 商标代理行业组织应当按照章程规定,严格执行吸纳会员的条件,对违反行业自律规范的会员实行惩戒。商标代理行业组织对其吸纳的会员和对会员的惩戒情况,应当及时向社会公布。

Article 20. A Trademark Agency Organization shall, according to the regulations, strictly enforce standards for qualification of membership, and severely punish those members who violate standards of self-discipline. A Trademark Agency Organization shall make available to the public membership information and information related to the disciplining of membership and agency organization who have violated its standards.

第二十一条 商标国际注册遵循中华人民共和国缔结或者参加的有关国际条约确立的制度,具体办法由国务院规定。

Article 21. A Trademark Agency Organization involved in the registration of international trademarks shall abide by establishing regulations concluded to in international treaties signed by or joined in by the People’s Republic of China. Specific measures shall be formulated by the State Council.

 

第二章 商标注册的申请
Chapter 2 Application for Trademark Registration

第二十二条 商标注册申请人应当按规定的商品分类表填报使用商标的商品类别和商品名称,提出注册申请。

Article 22. The applicant shall indicate on the application the class of goods and describe the goods with which the mark is used, based on the prescribed schedule of classes of goods, and shall file an application.

商标注册申请人可以通过一份申请就多个类别的商品申请注册同一商标。

The applicant can apply the same trademark for goods in different classes with an application.

商标注册申请等有关文件,可以以书面方式或者数据电文方式提出。

The trademark registration applications and other relevant documents can be filed in writing or by other electronic means of data transmission.

第二十三条 注册商标需要在核定使用范围之外的商品上取得商标专用权的,应当另行提出注册申请。

Article 23. Where a trademark registrant intends to use the trademark in connection with other goods in the same class for which the registration was granted, a new application shall be filed.

第二十四条 注册商标需要改变其标志的,应当重新提出注册申请。

Article 24. Where any word or device of a registered trademark is to be altered, a new application shall be filed.

第二十五条 商标注册申请人自其商标在外国第一次提出商标注册申请之日起六个月内,又在中国就相同商品以同一商标提出商标注册申请的,依照该外国同中国签订的协议或者共同参加的国际条约,或者按照相互承认优先权的原则,可以享有优先权。

Article 25. An application for registration of a mark filed by a party that has previously duly filed an application to register the same mark in connection with the same goods in a foreign country shall be accorded priority in accordance with any agreement concluded between the PRC and the foreign country concerned, or with the international treaty to which both countries are parties, or on the basis of the principle of reciprocity, provided that the application in China is filed within six months from the date on which the application was first filed in the foreign country.

依照前款要求优先权的,应当在提出商标注册申请的时候提出书面声明,并且在三个月内提交第一次提出的商标注册申请文件的副本;未提出书面声明或者逾期未提交商标注册申请文件副本的,视为未要求优先权。

An applicant claiming priority in accordance with the above provision shall so state in writing at the time of filing the application and shall submit within three months a copy of the original trademark application. An applicant who fails to claim priority in writing or to submit a copy of the original trademark application by the specified time shall be deemed as not claiming priority.

第二十六条 商标在中国政府主办的或者承认的国际展览会展出的商品上首次使用的,自该商品展出之日起六个月内,该商标的注册申请人可以享有优先权。

Article 26. Where an applicant uses a trademark for the first time on goods displayed at an international exhibition organized or recognized by the Chinese Government, it may claim priority provided it files an application to register the mark within six months from the date of the exhibition.

依照前款要求优先权的,应当在提出商标注册申请的时候提出书面声明,并且在三个月内提交展出其商品的展览会名称、在展出商品上使用该商标的证据、展出日期等证明文件;未提出书面声明或者逾期未提交证明文件的,视为未要求优先权。

An applicant claiming priority in accordance with the above provision shall so state in writing at the time of filing the application and shall submit within three months the name of the exhibition, evidence proving the use of the mark on the goods displayed, and documents validating the date of the exhibition. An applicant who fails to claim priority in writing or to submit the papers shall be deemed as not claiming priority.

第二十七条 为申请商标注册所申报的事项和所提供的材料应当真实、准确、完整。

Article 27. Matters submitted in the trademark application and all information provided shall be truthful, accurate, and complete.

 

第三章 商标注册的审查和核准
Chapter 3 Examination and Approval of Trademark Application

第二十八条 对申请注册的商标,商标局应当自收到商标注册申请文件之日起九个月内审查完毕,符合本法有关规定的,予以初步审定公告。

Article 28. Where a trademark application complies with the relevant provisions of this Law, the Trademark Office shall complete its examination within nine months from the time of its acceptance of the application, and shall publish its preliminarily examination.

第二十九条 在审查过程中,商标局认为商标注册申请内容需要说明或者修正的,可以要求申请人做出说明或者修正。申请人未做出说明或者修正的,不影响商标局做出审查决定。

Article 29. Where the content of trademark registration application is deemed to require further explanation or revision in the course of examination, the Trademark Office may require the applicant to submit further explanation or revision. Where no explanation or revision is given by the applicant, a lack of said revision or explanation will not affect the Trademark Office’s examination decision.

第三十条 申请注册的商标,凡不符合本法有关规定或者同他人在同一种商品或者类似商品上已经注册的或者初步审定的商标相同或者近似的,由商标局驳回申请,不予公告。

Article 30. Where a trademark application does not complies with the relevant provisions in this Law or is identical with or similar to a registered trademark used in connection with the same or similar goods, its registration shall be refused by the Trademark Office after examination and the mark shall not be published.

第三十一条 两个或者两个以上的商标注册申请人,在同一种商品或者类似商品上,以相同或者近似的商标申请注册的,初步审定并公告申请在先的商标;同一天申请的,初步审定并公告使用在先的商标,驳回其他人的申请,不予公告。

Article 31. Where two or more applicants apply to register identical or similar trademarks for use in connection with the same or similar goods, the Trademark Office shall first examine and approve for publication the mark with the earliest application date. Where the applications are filed on the same date, the Trademark Office shall first examine and approve for publication the mark with the earliest date of use. Registration of the other trademark applications shall be refused and the marks shall not be published.

第三十二条 申请商标注册不得损害他人现有的在先权利,也不得以不正当手段抢先注册他人已经使用并有一定影响的商标。

Article 32. No trademark application shall infringe upon another party’s existing prior rights. Nor shall an applicant rush to register in an unfair manner a mark that is already in use by another party and enjoys substantial influence.

第三十三条 对初步审定公告的商标,自公告之日起三个月内,在先权利人、利害关系人认为违反本法第十三条第二款和第三款、第十五条、第十六条第一款、第三十条、第三十一条、第三十二条规定的,或者任何人认为违反本法第十条、第十一条、第十二条规定的,可以向商标局提出异议。公告期满无异议的,予以核准注册,发给商标注册证,并予公告。

Article 33. Any holder of prior rights, or interested party may, within three months from the date of publication, in violation of the provisions of Article 13 Paragraph 2, Article 13 Paragraph 3, Article 15, Article 16 Paragraph 1, Article 30, Article 31, or Article 32, or any person may, in violation of the provisions of Article 10, Article 11, or Article 12, file to oppose a trademark application that has been published after a preliminary examination and approval. Where no opposition is filed after three months, the application shall be approved for registration, a certificate of registration shall issue, and the mark shall be published.

第三十四条 对驳回申请、不予公告的商标,商标局应当书面通知商标注册申请人。商标注册申请人不服的,可以自收到通知之日起十五日内向商标评审委员会申请复审。商标评审委员会应当自收到申请之日起九个月内做出决定,并书面通知申请人。有特殊情况需要延长的,经国务院工商行政管理部门批准,可以延长三个月。

Article 34. Where registration is refused and the mark has not been published, the Trademark Office shall notify the applicant of the refusal in writing. Where the applicant is dissatisfied, it may, within fifteen days from receipt of the notification, apply for a review. The Trademark Review and Adjudication Board shall make a final decision within nine months from the acceptance of the application, and notify the applicant in writing. If an extension is needed, upon the approval of the department of industry and commerce administration under the State Council, the time limit can be extended for a further three months.

当事人对商标评审委员会的决定不服的,可以自收到通知之日起三十日内向人民法院起诉。

Where the applicant is dissatisfied with the decision of the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board, it may appeal to the People’s Court within 30 days from receipt of the notification.

第三十五条 对初步审定公告的商标提出异议的,商标局应当听取异议人和被异议人陈述事实和理由,经调查核实后,自公告期满之日起十二个月内做出是否准予注册的决定,并书面通知异议人和被异议人。有特殊情况需要延长的,经国务院工商行政管理部门批准,可以延长六个月。

Article 35. Where an opposition is filed against a trademark application published after a preliminary examination, the Trademark Office shall hear the facts and grounds submitted by the opposing party as well as the opposed, shall make a decision on whether or not to approve the application for registration within the twelve months from the date of publication after investigation and verification, and shall notify the opposing party and the opposed of its decision, in writing. If an extension is needed, upon the approval of the department of industry and commerce administration under the State Council, the time limit can be extended a further three months.

商标局做出准予注册决定的,发给商标注册证,并予公告。异议人不服的,可以依照本法第四十四条、第四十五条的规定向商标评审委员会请求宣告该注册商标无效。

If the Trademark Office makes a decision to approve an application for registration, a certificate of registration shall be issued, and the mark shall be published. If the opposing party is dissatisfied with the decision, it may file a request for invalidation of the registered trademark according to the provisions of Article 44 or Article 45 of this Law to the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board.

商标局做出不予注册决定,被异议人不服的,可以自收到通知之日起十五日内向商标评审委员会申请复审。商标评审委员会应当自收到申请之日起十二个月内做出复审决定,并书面通知异议人和被异议人。有特殊情况需要延长的,经国务院工商行政管理部门批准,可以延长六个月。被异议人对商标评审委员会的决定不服的,可以自收到通知之日起三十日内向人民法院起诉。人民法院应当通知异议人作为第三人参加诉讼。

Where the Trademark Office makes a decision to approve an application for registration, and if the opposing party is dissatisfied with the decision, it may file its dissatisfaction, within 15 days from the receipt of notification, in writing, to the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board for further review. The Trademark Review and Adjudication Board shall make a review decision within twelve months from the acceptance of the application, and notify the opposed and the opposing party in writing. If an extension is needed, upon the approval of the department of industry and commerce administration under the State Council, the time limit can be extended for another three months. If the opposing party is dissatisfied with the decision of the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board, it may institute legal proceedings with a People’s Court within thirty days from its receipt of notification. The People’s Court shall notify the opposing party in the trademark review proceedings, who shall participate in the proceedings as a third party.

商标评审委员会在依照前款规定进行复审的过程中,所涉及的在先权利的确定必须以人民法院正在审理或者行政机关正在处理的另一案件的结果为依据的,可以中止审查。中止原因消除后,应当恢复审查程序。

In the course of review of the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board, in accordance with the provisions of the preceding paragraph, if determining the relevant prior rights will be based on an outcome determined by a court, or handled by an administrative organization, review for the trademark may be suspended. The proceedings for the review shall resume after the causes of the suspension have been eliminated.

第三十六条 法定期限届满,当事人对商标局做出的驳回申请决定、不予注册决定不申请复审或者对商标评审委员会做出的复审决定不向人民法院起诉的,驳回申请决定、不予注册决定或者复审决定生效。

Article 36. After the expiration of the time limit, where an applicant fails to apply to the Trademark Office for a review of the office’s overruling decision or decision of no registration, or to institute legal proceedings with a People’s Court contesting the decision of the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board, the decision shall go into effect.

经审查异议不成立而准予注册的商标,商标注册申请人取得商标专用权的时间自初步审定公告三个月期满之日起计算。自该商标公告期满之日起至准予注册决定做出前,对他人在同一种或者类似商品上使用与该商标相同或者近似的标志的行为不具有追溯力;但是,因该使用人的恶意给商标注册人造成的损失,应当给予赔偿。

Where an applicant fails to apply to the Trademark Office for a review of the Office’s decision or to institute legal proceedings with a People’s Court contesting the decision of the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board within the statutory time limits, the decision shall go into effect. Actions where others use an identical or similar mark for the same or similar goods are not retroactive within the period of time from the expiration date of its publication period to the date of making the approval application for registration. Where the mark was used with ill will and caused damages to an applicant, the party with ill will shall be held liable for damages.

第三十七条 对商标注册申请和商标复审申请应当及时进行审查。

Article 37. Trademark applications and applications for review shall be examined promptly.

第三十八条 商标注册申请人或者注册人发现商标申请文件或者注册文件有明显错误的,可以申请更正。商标局依法在其职权范围内作出更正,并通知当事人。前款所称更正错误不涉及商标申请文件或者注册文件的实质性内容。

Article 38. Where a trademark applicant or trademark registrant discovers an obvious error on the trademark application or on the certificate of registration, it may apply to have it corrected. The Trademark Office shall make corrections to the extent permitted by its functions and powers in accordance with the law and shall notify the party concerned.

 

第四章 注册商标的续展、变更、转让和使用许可
Chapter 4 Renewal, Assignment, and Licensing of Trademark Registrations

第三十九条 注册商标的有效期为十年,自核准注册之日起计算。

Article 39. A trademark registration shall remain valid for a period of ten years from the date of approval for registration.

第四十条 注册商标有效期满,需要继续使用的,商标注册人应当在期满前十二个月内按照规定办理续展手续;在此期间未能办理的,可以给予六个月的宽展期。每次续展注册的有效期为十年,自该商标上一届有效期满次日起计算。期满未办理续展手续的,注销其注册商标。

Article 40. Where the registrant intends to continue to use the registered trademark beyond the 10-year period, an application to renew the registration shall be made within twelve months prior to the date of expiration. Where no application for renewal is filed within the six-month period, a grace period of six months is allowed. A trademark registration may be renewed each time for a period of ten years within one day after the expiration of the previous validity time. If no application for renewal is filed at the expiration of the grace period, the registered trademark shall be cancelled.

商标局应当对续展注册的商标予以公告。

After a trademark registration is renewed, it shall be published.

第四十一条 注册商标需要变更注册人的名义、地址或者其他注册事项的,应当提出变更申请。

Article 41. Where, after the registration of a trademark, the name, address, or other matters pertaining to the registrant change, an application regarding the change shall be filed.

第四十二条 转让注册商标的,转让人和受让人应当签订转让协议,并共同向商标局提出申请。受让人应当保证使用该注册商标的商品质量。

Article 42. To assign a registered trademark, the assignor and assignee shall sign a transfer agreement and jointly file an application with the Trademark Office. The assignee shall guarantee the quality of the goods in connection with which the mark is used.

转让注册商标的,商标注册人对其在同一种商品上注册的近似的商标,或者在类似商品上注册的相同或者近似的商标,应当一并转让。

To assign a registered trademark, where a trademark registrant registered a similar trademark on the same goods, or the same or similar trademark on similar goods, the trademark registrant shall concurrently assign its trademarks.

对容易导致混淆或者有其他不良影响的转让,商标局不予核准,书面通知申请人并说明理由。

The Trademark Offices shall not approve any assignment for a trademark, which may cause public confusion or other unhealthy influence, and shall notify the applicant of the reasons for the refusal in writing.

转让注册商标经核准后,予以公告。受让人自公告之日起享有商标专用权。

The assignment of a registered trademark shall be published after it has been approved. The assignee shall enjoy exclusive right to use the mark starting from the date of publication.

第四十三条 商标注册人可以通过签订商标使用许可合同,许可他人使用其注册商标。许可人应当监督被许可人使用其注册商标的商品质量。被许可人应当保证使用该注册商标的商品质量。

Article 43. A trademark registrant may, by signing a trademark licensing agreement, authorize other parties to use its registered trademark. The licenser shall supervise the quality of the goods in connection with which the licensee uses its registered trademark and the licensee shall guarantee the quality of the goods in respect of which the registered trademark is used.

经许可使用他人注册商标的,必须在使用该注册商标的商品上标明被许可人的名称和商品产地。

Where a party is licensed to use another party’s registered trademark, the name of the licensee and the place of origins of the goods must be indicated on the goods that bear the registered trademark.

许可他人使用其注册商标的,许可人应当将其商标使用许可报商标局备案,由商标局公告。商标使用许可未经备案不得对抗善意第三人。

Where a party is licensed to use another party’s registered trademark, the licensor shall submit the trademark license to the Trademark Office for its records. The Trademark Office shall publish all such records received. A trademark license without recordation with the Trademark Office cannot be used against any third parties.

 

第五章 注册商标的无效宣告
Chapter 5 Adjudication of disputes Concerning Registered Trademarks

第四十四条 已经注册的商标,违反本法第十条、第十一条、第十二条规定的,或者是以欺骗手段或者其他不正当手段取得注册的,由商标局宣告该注册商标无效;其他单位或者个人可以请求商标评审委员会宣告该注册商标无效。

Article 44. Where a trademark registration violates the provisions of Articles 10, 11, and 12 of this Law, or the registration of a trademark was acquired by fraud or any other improper means, the Trademark Office shall invalidate the registration at issue. Any organization or individual may request that the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board make a ruling to invalidate such a registered trademark.

商标局做出宣告注册商标无效的决定,应当书面通知当事人。当事人对商标局的决定不服的,可以自收到通知之日起十五日内向商标评审委员会申请复审。商标评审委员会应当自收到申请之日起九个月内做出决定,并书面通知当事人。有特殊情况需要延长的,经国务院工商行政管理部门批准,可以延长三个月。当事人对商标评审委员会的决定不服的,可以自收到通知之日起三十日内向人民法院起诉。

To make a ruling to invalidate a registered trademark, the Trademark Office shall notify the parties in writing. The parties who refuse to accept the Trademark Office’s decision may apply for a review within 15 days after receiving the decision. The Trademark Review and Adjudication Board shall make its final decision within nine months from its acceptance of the review application, and notify the applicant in writing. If an extension is needed, upon approval of the department of industry and commerce administration under the State Council, the time limit can be extended for three months. The parties, if not satisfied with the review decision of the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board may, within 30 days after receiving the reviewing decision, bring suit to a People’s Court.

其他单位或者个人请求商标评审委员会宣告注册商标无效的,商标评审委员会收到申请后,应当书面通知有关当事人,并限期提出答辩。商标评审委员会应当自收到申请之日起九个月内做出维持注册商标或者宣告注册商标无效的裁定,并书面通知当事人。有特殊情况需要延长的,经国务院工商行政管理部门批准,可以延长三个月。当事人对商标评审委员会的裁定不服的,可以自收到通知之日起三十日内向人民法院起诉。人民法院应当通知商标裁定程序的对方当事人作为第三人参加诉讼。

If any organization or individual requests that the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board make a ruling to invalidate such a registered trademark, the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board shall notify the relevant parties after receiving the request, and request them to submit arguments by a specified time. After the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board have made a final ruling either to maintain or to invalidate a registered trademark, it shall notify the interested parties accordingly in writing. If an extension is needed, upon the approval of the department of industry and commerce administration under the State Council, the time limit can be extended for three months. Where an interested party is dissatisfied with the ruling of the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board, it may, within thirty days from the receipt of notification, institute legal proceedings in a People’s Court. The People’s Court shall notify other interested parties in the trademark adjudication proceedings to take part in the legal proceedings as third parties.

第四十五条 已经注册的商标,违反本法第十三条第二款和第三款、第十五条、第十六条第一款、第三十条、第三十一条、第三十二条规定的,自商标注册之日起五年内,在先权利人或者利害关系人可以请求商标评审委员会宣告该注册商标无效。对恶意注册的,驰名商标所有人不受五年的时间限制。

Article 45. Where a trademark registration violates the provisions of Articles 10 Paragraph 2 and Paragraph 3, Article 15, Article 16 Paragraph 1, Article 30, Article 31 or Article 32 of this Law, any holder of prior rights or any interested party may, within five years from the date of registration, request that the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board make a ruling to invalidate the trademark’s registration. Where the registration was obtained with ill will, the owner of a famous trademark shall not be bound by the five-year limitation.

商标评审委员会收到宣告注册商标无效的申请后,应当书面通知有关当事人,并限期提出答辩。商标评审委员会应当自收到申请之日起十二个月内做出维持注册商标或者宣告注册商标无效的裁定,并书面通知当事人。有特殊情况需要延长的,经国务院工商行政管理部门批准,可以延长六个月。当事人对商标评审委员会的裁定不服的,可以自收到通知之日起三十日内向人民法院起诉。人民法院应当通知商标裁定程序的对方当事人作为第三人参加诉讼。

The Trademark Review and Adjudication Board shall, after receipt of an application for invalidating a trademark, notify the interested parties and request them to submit arguments by a specified time. The Trademark Review and Adjudication Board shall make a final ruling either to maintain or to invalidate a registered trademark within twelve months from the acceptance of the application, and notify the parties in writing. If an extension is needed, upon the approval of the department of industry and commerce administration under the State Council, the time limit can be extended for six months. Where the interested party is dissatisfied with the ruling of the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board, it may, within thirty days from the receipt of notification, institute legal proceedings in a People’s Court. The People’s Court shall notify the other interested parties in the trademark adjudication proceedings to take part in the legal proceedings as third parties.

商标评审委员会在依照前款规定对无效宣告请求进行审查的过程中,所涉及的在先权利的确定必须以人民法院正在审理或者行政机关正在处理的另一案件的结果为依据的,可以中止审查。中止原因消除后,应当恢复审查程序。

In the course of review for invalidating the announcements of the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board in accordance with provisions of the preceding paragraph, if determining the involving prior rights shall be based on the outcome of judged by the court, or handled by administration organization, review for the trademark can be suspended. The proceedings for review shall resume after the causes of the suspension have been eliminated.

第四十六条 法定期限届满,当事人对商标局宣告注册商标无效的决定不申请复审或者对商标评审委员会的复审决定、维持注册商标或者宣告注册商标无效的裁定不向人民法院起诉的,商标局的决定或者商标评审委员会的复审决定、裁定生效。

Article 46. After the expiration of the time limit, where the parties fail to bring suit to a People’s Court for a review of invalidating the registered trademark handled by the Trademark Office, or review decisions, decisions on maintaining the registered trademark or decisions regarding invalidating the registered trademark handled by the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board, the decision of the Trademark Office, review decisions or rulings of the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board, shall go into effect.

第四十七条 依照本法第四十四条、第四十五条的规定宣告无效的注册商标,由商标局予以公告,该注册商标专用权视为自始即不存在。

Article 47. In the event that a registered trademark is invalidated according to the provisions of Article 44 or Article 45, the invalidation of a registered trademark shall be publicized by the Trademark Office, and the exclusive right to use that trademark shall be deemed as not having existed from the very beginning of proceedings.

宣告注册商标无效的决定或者裁定,对宣告无效前人民法院做出并已执行的商标侵权案件的判决、裁定、调解书和工商行政管理部门做出并已执行的商标侵权案件的处理决定以及已经履行的商标转让或者使用许可合同不具有追溯力。但是,因商标注册人的恶意给他人造成的损失,应当给予赔偿。

A decision or ruling pertaining to the invalidation of a registered trademark shall not be applied retrospectively against prior rulings, nor made and enforced by, the administrative department of industry and commerce concerning trademark infringement cases, or contracts for the transfer of a trademark or for an already enacted licensed use of a trademark. However, if any loss has been caused through the ill will of a trademark registrant to any other party, such loss shall be compensated.

依照前款规定不返还商标侵权赔偿金、商标转让费、商标使用费,明显违反公平原则的,应当全部或者部分返还。

The damages for trademark infringement, transfer fees or royalties for trademark rights, in accordance with the provision of the preceding paragraph, shall be refunded in whole or in part.

 

第六章 商标使用的管理
Chapter 6 Administration of the Use of Trademarks

第四十八条 本法所称商标的使用,是指将商标用于商品、商品包装或者容器以及商品交易文书上,或者将商标用于广告宣传、展览以及其他商业活动中,用于识别商品来源的行为。

Article 48. The use of trademarks as stipulated in this Law refers to the affixation of trademarks to commodities, commodity packaging or containers, as well as commodity exchange documents or the use of trademarks in advertisements, exhibitions, and for other commercial activities, in order to identify the source of the goods.

第四十九条 商标注册人在使用注册商标的过程中,自行改变注册商标、注册人名义、地址或者其他注册事项的,由地方工商行政管理部门责令限期改正;期满不改正的,由商标局撤销其注册商标。

Article 49. Where a trademark registrant alters a registered trademark without approval, the name, address, or other matters concerning the registrant without approval, the Trademark Office shall order it to rectify the situation by a specified time; If they still fail to rectify during the specified time period, the Trademark Office shall cancel the registered trademark.

注册商标成为其核定使用的商品的通用名称或者没有正当理由连续三年不使用的,任何单位或者个人可以向商标局申请撤销该注册商标。商标局应当自收到申请之日起九个月内做出决定。有特殊情况需要延长的,经国务院工商行政管理部门批准,可以延长三个月。

Where a registered trademark is becoming a generic name in a category of approved goods, and the mark has not been used for a period greater than three years without any justifiable reasons, any organization or individual may request that the Trademark Office make a decision to cancel such registered trademark. The Trademark Office shall make a decision within nine months from its acceptance of an application for the cancellation of a registered trademark due to nonuse. If an extension is needed, upon the approval of the department of industry and commerce administration under the State Council, the time limit can be extended for a further three months.

第五十条 注册商标被撤销、被宣告无效或者期满不再续展的,自撤销、宣告无效或者注销之日起一年内,商标局对与该商标相同或者近似的商标注册申请,不予核准。

Article 50. Where a registered trademark has been cancelled, invalidated or has not been renewed upon expiration, the Trademark Office shall not approve any application for the registration of a trademark that is identical to or similar with the said trademark for a period of one year from the date of cancellation, invalidation, or the date of expiration.

第五十一条 违反本法第六条规定的,由地方工商行政管理部门责令限期申请注册,违法经营额五万元以上的,可以处违法经营额百分之二十以下的罚款,没有违法经营额或者违法经营额不足五万元的,可以处一万元以下的罚款。

Article 51. Where a party violates the provisions of Article 6 of this Law, the local administrative authority for industry and commerce shall order it to file an application to register the mark within a specified period and may, if the amount of earnings of illegal operation is more than RMB 50000, impose a fine not more than 20 percent of earnings; if there is no illegal earnings or the amount of earnings of illegal operation is less than RMB 50000, it may be imposed a fine less than RMB 10000.

第五十二条 将未注册商标冒充注册商标使用的,或者使用未注册商标违反本法第十条规定的,由地方工商行政管理部门予以制止,限期改正,并可以予以通报,违法经营额五万元以上的,可以处违法经营额百分之二十以下的罚款,没有违法经营额或者违法经营额不足五万元的,可以处一万元以下的罚款。

Article 52. Where a party that uses an unregistered trademark has committed misrepresenting the trademark as registered, or violating the provision of Article 10 of this Law, the local administrative authority for industry and commerce shall prohibit the use of the trademark, and order the misrepresenting party to rectify the situation within a specified period; if the amount of earnings in illegal operations amounts to more than RMB 50000, a fine shall be imposed upon that party of no less than twenty percent of the illicit earnings; if there are no illegal earnings, or the amount of the earnings is less than RMB 50000, a fine of less than RMB 10000 shall be imposed.

第五十三条 违反本法第十四条第五款规定的,由地方工商行政管理部门责令改正,处十万元罚款。

Article 53. Where a party violates the provision of Article 15 Paragraph 5, the local administrative authority for industry and commerce shall order the party to rectify the situation and impose a fine of RMB 100000.

第五十四条 对商标局撤销或者不予撤销注册商标的决定,当事人不服的,可以自收到通知之日起十五日内向商标评审委员会申请复审。商标评审委员会应当自收到申请之日起九个月内做出决定,并书面通知当事人。有特殊情况需要延长的,经国务院工商行政管理部门批准,可以延长三个月。当事人对商标评审委员会的决定不服的,可以自收到通知之日起三十日内向人民法院起诉。

Article 54. A party that is dissatisfied with the decision of the Trademark Office to cancel or not cancel a trademark registration may, within 15 days from receipt of notification, apply to the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board for a review. The Trademark Review and Adjudication Board shall make a final decision within nine mouths from the acceptance of the application, and notify the applicant in writing. If an extension is needed, upon the approval of the department of industry and commerce administration under the State Council, the time limit can be extended for a further three months. Where the applicant is dissatisfied with the decision of the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board, it may appeal to the People’s Court within 30 days from receipt of the notification.

第五十五条 法定期限届满,当事人对商标局做出的撤销注册商标的决定不申请复审或者对商标评审委员会做出的复审决定不向人民法院起诉的,撤销注册商标的决定、复审决定生效。

Article 55. After the expiration of the time limit, where an applicant fails to apply to the Trademark Office for a review of the office’s decision to cancel a trademark’s registration, or to institute legal proceedings with a People’s Court contesting the review decision of the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board, the decision of canceling the registration, or review decision, shall go into effect.

被撤销的注册商标,由商标局予以公告,该注册商标专用权自公告之日起终止。

A registered trademark that be canceled shall be publicized by the Trademark Office, and the exclusive right to use the registered trademark shall be suspended from the date of publication.

 

第七章 注册商标专用权的保护
Chapter 7  Protection of the Exclusive Rights to Use Registered Trademarks

第五十六条 注册商标的专用权,以核准注册的商标和核定使用的商品为限。

Article 56. The exclusive right to use a registered trademark is limited to the trademark which has been approved for registration and to the goods in connection with which the trademark is to be used.

第五十七条 有下列行为之一的,均属侵犯注册商标专用权:

Article 57. Any of the following constitutes an infringement of the exclusive right to use a registered trademark:

(一)未经商标注册人的许可,在同一种商品上使用与其注册商标相同的商标的;

1) Using a trademark that is identical with a registered trademark in connection with the same goods without the authorization of the owner of the registered trademark;

(二)未经商标注册人的许可,在同一种商品上使用与其注册商标近似的商标,或者在类似商品上使用与其注册商标相同或者近似的商标,容易导致混淆的;

2) Using a trademark that is similar to a registered trademark in connection with the same goods, or that is identical with or similar to a registered trademark in connection with the same or similar goods, without the authorization of the owner of the registered trademark, which may cause public confusion;

(三)销售侵犯注册商标专用权的商品的;

3) Selling goods that violate the exclusive right to use a registered trademark;

(四)伪造、擅自制造他人注册商标标识或者销售伪造、擅自制造的注册商标标识的;

4) Counterfeiting, or making, without authorization, representations of another party’s registered trademark, or selling such representations;

(五)未经商标注册人同意,更换其注册商标并将该更换商标的商品又投入市场的;

5) Altering another party’s registered trademark without authorization and selling goods bearing such an altered trademark;

(六)故意为侵犯他人商标专用权行为提供便利条件,帮助他人实施侵犯商标专用权行为的;

6) Help any others to infringe the exclusive right to use its registered trademark with intention to provide convenience for infringing the exclusive right to use its registered trademark;

(七)给他人的注册商标专用权造成其他损害的。

7) Otherwise causing prejudice to another party’s exclusive right to use its registered trademark.

第五十八条 将他人注册商标、未注册的驰名商标作为企业名称中的字号使用,误导公众,构成不正当竞争行为的,依照《中华人民共和国反不正当竞争法》处理。

Article 58. Where a party uses a famous trademark as registered, or unregistered, as an enterprise name and confuses the public, if it constitutes unfair competition, the infringer shall be handled in accordance with the Anti Unfair Competition Law of the People’s Republic of China.

第五十九条 注册商标中含有的本商品的通用名称、图形、型号,或者直接表示商品的质量、主要原料、功能、用途、重量、数量及其他特点,或者含有的地名,注册商标专用权人无权禁止他人正当使用。

Article 59. An exclusive rights holder of a registered trademark shall have no right to prohibit other people from using in normal use the common name, logo or model contained in the relevant registered trademark or the quality, principal raw materials, functions, uses, weight, quantity, geographic name or other features that are explicitly expressed in the registered trademark.

三维标志注册商标中含有的商品自身的性质产生的形状、为获得技术效果而需有的商品形状或者使商品具有实质性价值的形状,注册商标专用权人无权禁止他人正当使用。

Where three-dimensional registered trademarks are by the product’s own nature essentially the shape of the product, and provide the goods bearing the mark with a specific value, a trademark holder shall have no right to prohibit other parties from reasonably using a similar shape to realize a similar special or technical effect.

商标注册人申请商标注册前,他人已经在同一种商品或者类似商品上先于商标注册人使用与注册商标相同或者近似并有一定影响的商标的,注册商标专用权人无权禁止该使用人在原使用范围内继续使用该商标,但可以要求其附加适当区别标识。

Where an identical or similar trademark has been used in connection with the same goods or similar goods by others before the registrant’s application, the exclusive right holder of said registered trademark shall have no right to prohibit other people from using the aforesaid trademark from continuous use of such trademark within the original scope, but may request its users to add proper marks for distinction.

第六十条 有本法第五十七条所列侵犯注册商标专用权行为之一,引起纠纷的,由当事人协商解决;不愿协商或者协商不成的,商标注册人或者利害关系人可以向人民法院起诉,也可以请求工商行政管理部门处理。

Article 60. When a dispute arises after a party commits any of the acts infringing upon another party’s exclusive right to use a registered trademark as enumerated in Article 57 of this Law, the parties involved shall settle the dispute through consultation. Where the parties refuse to pursue consultation or where consultation has failed, the trademark registrant or any interested party may institute legal proceedings with a People’s Court or ask the administrative authority for industry and commerce to handle the matter.

工商行政管理部门处理时,认定侵权行为成立的,责令立即停止侵权行为,没收、销毁侵权商品和主要用于制造侵权商品、伪造注册商标标识的工具,违法经营额五万元以上的,可以处违法经营额五倍以下的罚款,没有违法经营额或者违法经营额不足五万元的,可以处二十五万元以下的罚款。对五年内实施两次以上商标侵权行为或者有其他严重情节的,应当从重处罚。销售不知道是侵犯注册商标专用权的商品,能证明该商品是自己合法取得并说明提供者的,由工商行政管理部门责令停止销售。

Upon determining that trademark infringement has taken place, the administrative authority for industry and commerce shall order the infringer to cease its infringing activity immediately, confiscate and destroy the infringing goods, and any instruments mainly used to manufacture the infringing goods and counterfeit registered trademark. If the amount of illegal earnings is greater than RMB 50,000, a fine up to 5 times the amount of the illicit earnings may be imposed; if there is no illicit business revenue, or the total amount of illicit business revenue is less than RMB 50,000, a fine up to RMB 250,000 may be imposed; if trademark infringement occurs more than 2 times within a period of 5 years or other serious circumstances, a severe punishment shall be given. Where a seller with no knowledge of its infringing goods can prove the legality of acquiring such goods and point out the provider, the administrative authority for industry and commerce shall order the seller to cease selling its goods and the latter may be ordered to stop selling the infringing goods.

对侵犯商标专用权的赔偿数额的争议,当事人可以请求进行处理的工商行政管理部门调解,也可以依照《中华人民共和国民事诉讼法》向人民法院起诉。经工商行政管理部门调解,当事人未达成协议或者调解书生效后不履行的,当事人可以依照《中华人民共和国民事诉讼法》向人民法院起诉。

Upon dispute of the amount of damages arising from infringing the exclusive right of the trademark, the parties involved may request the administrative authority for industry and commerce to mediate in settling the amount of damages, or may appeal to a People’s Court in accordance with the Civil Procedure Law Of the People’s Republic of China.

第六十一条 对侵犯注册商标专用权的行为,工商行政管理部门有权依法查处;涉嫌犯罪的,应当及时移送司法机关依法处理。

Article 61. The administrative authority for industry and commerce is authorized to investigate any conduct infringing upon the exclusive right to use a registered trademark. Where a crime is suspected to have been committed, the administrative authority for industry and commerce shall promptly turn over the case to the judicial department to be dealt with in accordance with the law.

第六十二条 县级以上工商行政管理部门根据已经取得的违法嫌疑证据或者举报,对涉嫌侵犯他人注册商标专用权的行为进行查处时,可以行使下列职权:

Article 62. Administrative authorities for industry and commerce above the county level may, based upon existing evidence of illegal conduct or information supplied by a member of the public, exercise the following powers in investigating activities suspected of having infringed upon another party’s exclusive right to use a registered trademark:

(一)询问有关当事人,调查与侵犯他人注册商标专用权有关的情况;

1) Question the parties involved and investigate the circumstances surrounding the infringement of another party’s exclusive right to use a registered trademark;

(二)查阅、复制当事人与侵权活动有关的合同、发票、账簿以及其他有关资料;

2) Study and copy the parties’ contracts, invoices, account books, and other materials pertaining to the trademark-infringing activities;

(三)对当事人涉嫌从事侵犯他人注册商标专用权活动的场所实施现场检查;

3) Conduct an on-site inspection of the premises where the party has carried out activities allegedly infringing upon another party’s exclusive right to use a registered trademark;

(四)检查与侵权活动有关的物品;对有证据证明是侵犯他人注册商标专用权的物品,可以查封或者扣押。

4) Inspect articles involved in trademark-infringing activities. Articles that are proven to have infringed upon another party’s exclusive right to use a registered trademark may be sealed and taken into custody.

工商行政管理部门依法行使前款规定的职权时,当事人应当予以协助、配合,不得拒绝、阻挠。

When the administrative department of the preceding exercise powers prescribed by law, the parties shall assist and cooperate and shall not refuse, obstruct.

在查处商标侵权案件过程中,对商标权属存在争议或者权利人同时向人民法院提起商标侵权诉讼的,工商行政管理部门可以中止案件的查处。中止原因消除后,应当恢复或者终结案件查处程序。

Upon the process of investigating activities suspected of having infringed upon another party’s exclusive right to use a registered trademark, where any dispute arises with respected to the ownership of the trademark, or the right owner files lawsuits of trademark infringement to a People’s Court, the administrative authorities for industry and commerce may suspend the aforesaid process. The proceedings for review shall resume or stop after the causes of the suspension have been eliminated.

第六十三条 侵犯商标专用权的赔偿数额,按照权利人因被侵权所受到的实际损失确定;实际损失难以确定的,可以按照侵权人因侵权所获得的利益确定;权利人的损失或者侵权人获得的利益难以确定的,参照该商标许可使用费的倍数合理确定。对恶意侵犯商标专用权,情节严重的,可以在按照上述方法确定数额的一倍以上三倍以下确定赔偿数额。赔偿数额应当包括权利人为制止侵权行为所支付的合理开支。

Article 63. The amount of damages for infringing the exclusive right to use a trademark shall be actual losses that the right owner has suffered as a result of the infringement during the period of the infringement; where the losses suffered by the right owner cannot be determined, the amount of damages for trademark infringement shall be the profits that the infringer has earned as a result of the infringement during the period of the infringement; where the losses suffered by the right owner, or the profits earned by the infringer, cannot be determined, the amount of damages shall be determined based on a reasonable amount that would be paid for a licensing royalty for the trademark right. If there is malicious infringement and an existence of serious circumstances, the amount may be more than one up to three times the aforesaid determined amount. The amount of damages will also include reasonable expenses the right owner has suffered to prevent the infringement.

人民法院为确定赔偿数额,在权利人已经尽力举证,而与侵权行为相关的账簿、资料主要由侵权人掌握的情况下,可以责令侵权人提供与侵权行为相关的账簿、资料;侵权人不提供或者提供虚假的账簿、资料的,人民法院可以参考权利人的主张和提供的证据判定赔偿数额。

For the purpose of determining the amount of damages, where the account books and information related to the infringement are held by the infringer, and where the rights owner has presented as much proof of its claims as is practically possible, a People’s Court may order the infringer to submit such account books and information. If the infringer refuses to submit such account books and information, or submit a false version thereof, a People’s Court may determine the amount of damages with reference to the right owner’s claims and proof.

权利人因被侵权所受到的实际损失、侵权人因侵权所获得的利益、注册商标许可使用费难以确定的,由人民法院根据侵权行为的情节判决给予三百万元以下的赔偿。

Where the actual losses suffered by the right owner, the profits earned by the infringer, or the licensing royalties of trademark infringement cannot be determined, a People’s Court shall award damages up to RMB 3,000,000, depending on the facts of the case.

第六十四条 注册商标专用权人请求赔偿,被控侵权人以注册商标专用权人未使用注册商标提出抗辩的,人民法院可以要求注册商标专用权人提供此前三年内实际使用该注册商标的证据。注册商标专用权人不能证明此前三年内实际使用过该注册商标,也不能证明因侵权行为受到其他损失的,被控侵权人不承担赔偿责任。

Article 64. Where the right owner of the exclusive right to use a registered trademark claims for damages and the infringer challenged raises a counterplea that the right owner has never used the trademark in question, a People’s Court may order the right owner to submit proof of using the trademark over the past three years. http://www.shenlantm.com.Where the rights owner cannot provide the aforesaid proof or proof of losses due to the infringement, the infringer suspected shall bear no liability for any claimed losses.

销售不知道是侵犯注册商标专用权的商品,能证明该商品是自己合法取得并说明提供者的,不承担赔偿责任。

Where a party unknowingly sells goods that infringe upon another party’s exclusive right to use a registered trademark, but can prove that it has obtained the goods lawfully and is able to identify the supplier, it shall not be held liable for damages.

第六十五条 商标注册人或者利害关系人有证据证明他人正在实施或者即将实施侵犯其注册商标专用权的行为,如不及时制止将会使其合法权益受到难以弥补的损害的,可以依法在起诉前向人民法院申请采取责令停止有关行为和财产保全的措施。

Article 65. Where a trademark registrant or any interested party submits evidence proving that another party is engaged in or will soon engage in actions that infringe upon the former’s exclusive right to use its registered trademark and that, unless they are stopped promptly, will cause irreparable injury to its legitimate rights and interests, may, before filing a lawsuit, apply to a People’s Court for the granting of an injunction prohibiting the actions and protecting its assets.

第六十六条 为制止侵权行为,在证据可能灭失或者以后难以取得的情况下,商标注册人或者利害关系人可以依法在起诉前向人民法院申请保全证据。

Article 66. With a view towards prohibiting trademark-infringing activities and where evidence may be destroyed or lost or become unobtainable in the future, a trademark registrant or an interested party may, prior to filing a lawsuit, apply to a People’s Court to have evidence preserved.

第六十七条 未经商标注册人许可,在同一种商品上使用与其注册商标相同的商标,构成犯罪的,除赔偿被侵权人的损失外,依法追究刑事责任。

Article 67. Where a party, without the authorization of a trademark registrant, uses a mark identical to the registrant’s mark and on the same goods as those in connection with which the registered mark is used, and where the case is so serious as to constitute a crime, the party shall be prosecuted, according to the law, for its criminal liabilities in addition to being required to compensate the infringe for the damages suffered by the infringe.

伪造、擅自制造他人注册商标标识或者销售伪造、擅自制造的注册商标标识,构成犯罪的,除赔偿被侵权人的损失外,依法追究刑事责任。

Where a party counterfeits, or makes, without authorization, representations of another party’s registered trademark, or sells such representations, and the case is so serious as to constitute a crime, the party shall be prosecuted, according to the law, for its criminal liabilities in addition to being required to compensate the infringe for the damages suffered by the infringe.

销售明知是假冒注册商标的商品,构成犯罪的,除赔偿被侵权人的损失外,依法追究刑事责任。

Where a party sells goods that it knows bears a counterfeit registered trademark, and the case is so serious as to constitute a crime, the party shall be prosecuted, according to the law, for its criminal liabilities in addition to being required to compensate the infringe for the damages suffered by the infringe.

第六十八条 商标代理机构有下列行为之一的,由工商行政管理部门责令限期改正,给予警告,处一万元以上十万元以下的罚款;对直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员给予警告,处五千元以上五万元以下的罚款;构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任:

Article 68. Upon occurrence of the following circumstances, the administrative authority for industry and commerce shall order the related trademark agencies organization to rectify the same with a specified time and giving corresponding warning. A fine more than RMB 10000 up to RMB 100000 may be imposed on the trademark agencies organization and a fine more than RMB 5000 and up to RMB 50000 may be imposed on its agent in charge and other directly responsible persons. In case the case constitutes a crime, criminal responsibilities shall be affixed:

(一)办理商标事宜过程中,伪造、变造或者使用伪造、变造的法律文件、印章、签名的;

1) Forging, altering or using forged or altered legal documents, seals or signatures during the process handling trademark matters;

(二)以诋毁其他商标代理机构等手段招徕商标代理业务或者以其他不正当手段扰乱商标代理市场秩序的;

2) Soliciting trademark agency business by defaming another trademark agency or using other unfair manners to disturb the order of the trademark agency market;

(三)违反本法第十九条第三款、第四款规定的。

3) Violating the provisions of Article 19 Paragraph 3 and Paragraph 4 of this Law;

商标代理机构有前款规定行为的,由工商行政管理部门记入信用档案;情节严重的,商标局、商标评审委员会并可以决定停止受理其办理商标代理业务,予以公告。

Where a trademark agency organization has aforesaid circumstances, the administrative authorities for industry and commerce shall record aforesaid circumstance into the credit files. In case of serious circumstance, the Trademark Office, or the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board may order the trademark agency organization to stop processing business for trademark, and it shall be punished.

商标代理机构违反诚实信用原则,侵害委托人合法利益的,应当依法承担民事责任,并由商标代理行业组织按照章程规定予以惩戒。

Where a trademark agency organization violates the principle of good faith and infringes the principal’s legal interests, such organization shall assume civil liability according to the law, and be punished by the trademark trade organization according to the articles of association.

第六十九条 从事商标注册、管理和复审工作的国家机关工作人员必须秉公执法,廉洁自律,忠于职守,文明服务。

Article 69. Article 60 State personnel engaged in trademark registration, administration, and review shall be impartial in implementing the law, incorruptible and self-disciplined, and devoted to their duty, and shall provide civilized services.

商标局、商标评审委员会以及从事商标注册、管理和复审工作的国家机关工作人员不得从事商标代理业务和商品生产经营活动。

State personnel in the Trademark Office and the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board and other personnel engaged in trademark registration, management, and review shall not be involved in trademark agency services or in the production or buying and selling of goods.

第七十条 工商行政管理部门应当建立健全内部监督制度,对负责商标注册、管理和复审工作的国家机关工作人员执行法律、行政法规和遵守纪律的情况,进行监督检查。

Article 70. Administrative authorities for industry and commerce shall establish and perfect an internal supervisory system to supervise and inspect the way state personnel responsible for trademark registration, administration, and review implement the law and administrative rules and regulations and observe discipline.

第七十一条 从事商标注册、管理和复审工作的国家机关工作人员玩忽职守、滥用职权、徇私舞弊,违法办理商标注册、管理和复审事项,收受当事人财物,牟取不正当利益,构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任;尚不构成犯罪的,依法给予处分。

Article 71. Where state personnel engaged in trademark registration, administration, and review are derelict of duty, abuse their office, and practice fraud for personal considerations; where they handle trademark registration, administration, and re-examination matters in violation of the law; where they accept money or properties from a party in a trademark matter; where they seek improper gains; and where the case is so serious as to constitute a crime, they shall be prosecuted, according to the law, for their criminal liabilities. Where the case does not constitute a crime, the worker involved shall be subject to disciplinary measures.

 

第八章 附则
Chapter 8 Supplementary Provisions

第七十二条 申请商标注册和办理其他商标事宜的,应当缴纳费用,具体收费标准另定。

Article 72. Any application for a trademark registration and for the processing of other trademark matters shall be subject to the payment of the prescribed fee. The schedule of fees shall be prescribed separately.

第七十三条 本法自1983年3月1日起施行。1963年4月10日国务院公布的《商标管理条例》同时废止;其他有关商标管理的规定,凡与本法抵触的,同时失效。

Article 73. This Law shall enter in force on 1 March 1983. The Regulations for Trademark Administration promulgated by the State Council on 10 April 1963 shall be abrogated on the same date, and any other regulations pertaining to trademarks which conflict with this Law shall cease to be effective at the same time.

本法施行前已经注册的商标继续有效。

Trademarks registered before this Law enters into force shall continue to be valid.